I often get asked “what are the steps to building a house?” It’s a great question with an answer that is pretty consistent across the board regardless of what type of new home you are building. I’ve boiled it down into six steps. Let’s go ahead and dive right into the answer.
Steps to Building a House One: The Paper Work
Loans, building permits, house plans, and all the preparation can be quite a task. The first step is to call a contractor or home builder and discuss you ideas with them. Once done there you need to apply for a construction loan or mortgage depending on the situation. The contractor or home builder needs to get a building permit, and arrange for workers or subcontractors to help in the building process. As you can imagine, building a home is very labor intensive and even with a large crew of workers it will take six months to a year to complete this house. During the entire construction process there will be many building inspections.
Steps to Building a House Two: The Foundation
Land must be cleared, and leveled where the house will be built. Then footings are dug, filled with rebar and poured with concrete. Often gravel is poured into the holes before the footings are poured. Then a concrete foundation is poured on top of the footing.
Steps to Building a House Three: Floor Joists and Subfloor
On top of the foundation wall, which must be tall enough to allow workers to climb under the house to check plumbing, a sill plate is placed, and bolted to the wall. Once the sill plate is bolted down, a network of rim joists and floor joists is nailed into place, making sure the upper surface it perfectly level. The subfloor is then nailed down to the floor joists. Strength of the lumber used for the floor joists and subfloor are vital. Floor joists should be 2” x 10”s or bigger, and the subfloor should be ¾ inch ply wood.
Steps to Building a House Four: Framing
Framing is a simple principle of construction, and the most satisfying because the framing process is what actually creates the form of the house. 2” x 4” or 2” x 6” lumber is laid out on the sub floor to create frames for the walls. Studs are nailed in while the wall is still on the sub floor. Openings for doors and windows are also framed in, before the walls are raised up and nailed into place. It’s good to start in a corner to help the walls hold each other up, till more can be nailed in. Once the exterior walls are framed the interior walls are created in the same way. If there is a second floor the entire process is repeated from the sill plate up, but if not the trusses are applied on top of the sill plate and a second layer of joists. Alternately an attic can be framed in with a rafter system, rather than using prefabricated trusses.
Steps to Building a House Five: Roofing, Siding, Plumbing Electrical and Walls
Plywood is nailed to rafters or trusses to form the roof. The plywood is covered with tar paper and then shingles or other roofing materials are applied. This step should be done as soon as possible to protect against the elements of weather. Exterior walls are covered with insulation and plywood next followed by exterior siding. Interior walls are covered with sheetrock, with the electrician and plumbers working along side, installing wiring before the sheetrock is finished for easy access, and the ability to finish the sheet rock job with wiring and plumbing inside.
Steps to Building a House Six: Finishing Up
Interior finishes, cabinets, paint, wall paper, tile, carpet and all the things that make the inside of the house look nice are done last. These are the final steps to building a house.
1. Loans, building permits, house plans, and all the preparation is completed.
2. Land must be cleared, and leveled and a foundation poured.
3. The next step to building a house is the floor joists and the subfloors are constructed.
4. Lumber is laid out on the sub floor to create frames for the walls. Studs are nailed in while the wall is still on the sub floor.
5. Roofing, siding, plumbing electrical and walls are the next steps to building a new home.
6. The final step in building a house is the finishing working including Interior cabinets, paint, wall paper, tile, carpet and all the things that make the inside of the house look nice.
7. Learn more about the steps involved to build a new house and the overall custom home building process by downloading the free new home Steps Guide above and become savvy on new home building from start to finish.
I hope this article answered the question “what are the steps to building a house?” was informative for you. Good luck with your new home building project. If you have any questions let me know.